Requirements 

General Requirements for the Major in Enviromental Studies


Environmental Science Major and Environmental Studies Major Westminster College boosts two interdisciplinary programs that provide the knowledge, skills and perspectives needed to understand, address and resolve the environmental challenges of our global society.  The two programs have similar degree requirements but with different emphases.  The Environmental Science major’s core curriculum of natural and earth sciences is rounded out by selected courses in environmental policy, ethics, and economics.  Conversely, the Environmental Studies major emphasizes political, economic and social/cultural aspects of the human impact on the natural environment, while still grounding students in fundamentals of the natural and earth sciences. 

Students in both programs are required to complete two capstone experiences: an Internship (ENV 399) and the Environmental Assessment (ENV 405) course.  Internships, which may be completed on or off-campus, allow students to work alongside resource professionals in fields related to the student’s career interest.  Students gain first-hand experience with environmental issues of the day while developing important professional contacts.  During their Junior or Senior year, students complete the Environmental Assessment course.  In this course, students work collaboratively to research and evaluate a campus, local, or regional environmental issue.  The outcomes of this research are presented to the College community, allowing students to practice their communication skills.  This course gives students in-depth practice in the field of Environmental Studies and allows them to integrate knowledge and skills gained in the classroom and during the internship.

Requirements for the Major in Environmental Studies (50-52 + prerequisites)

Required Courses (15) 

 ENV 105 Introduction to Environmental Science           3 hrs.
 ENV 399 Internship  3 hrs.
 ENV 405 Environmental Assessment  3 hrs.
 CHM 105/106 Introduction to Chemistry  4 hrs.
 MAT 114 Elementary Statistics  3 hrs.

Choose 2 of the following:
** students are highly encouraged to take all three of these courses, schedule permitting***

 POL 326 Environmental Politics and Policy                         3 hrs. 
 PHL 246 Environmental Ethics  3 hrs.
 ECN 3xx Environmental and Resource Economics  3 hrs.

Policy, Economics and Society (15)
**choose at least one course from each area – at least 2 courses must be at the 300 level or above**

Policy
 POL 211 American Government and Politics                      3 hrs. 
 POL 300 Legislative Process/United States Congress  3 hrs.
 POL 319 Public Administration  3 hrs.

Economics
ECN 211 Principles of Macroeconomics                           3 hrs. 
ECN 316 Public Finance  3 hrs.
ECN 334 Economic Development  3 hrs.

Sociology and Anthropology
SCA 115 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology               3 hrs. 
SCA 348 Medical Anthropology  3 hrs.
SCA 351 Theories of Culture  3 hrs.
SCA 352 Economy and Society  3 hrs.

Environmental Sciences (13-15)
**choose at least one course from each area – at least 2 courses must be at the 300 level or above**

Geology (4)
GEO 108 Introduction to Physical Geology             4 hrs. 
GEO 116 Environmental Geology  4 hrs.
GEO 310 Introduction to Soil Science                                4 hrs.

Water/Landscape (3)
ENV/BIO 340 Wetlands                                         3 hrs. 
GEO 325 Geomorphology  3 hrs.
GEO 327 Weather and Climate                                           3 hrs.
GEO 305 Hydrogeology  3 hrs.

Geography (3-4)
GEO 110 Earth Systems                                                     4 hrs. 
ENV/BIO 210 Biogeography  3 hrs.
GEO 330 Applications of GIS  3 hrs.

Ecology/Field Biology (3-4)
BIO 205 Ecology and Field Biology  4 hrs. 
ENV/BIO 350 Conservation Biology  3 hrs.
ENV/BIO 345 Forest Resources & Management  3 hrs.
GEO 320/321 Geology and Environment of National Parks  4 hrs.
BIO 320/321 Biology of Belize  4 hrs.

Note:  Since the Environmental Studies program is viewed as a broad curriculum, it is strongly suggested that students take a Minor in a related field, such as Biology, Chemistry, Economics, or Political Science.  Students cannot major (or minor) in both Environmental Science and Environmental Studies. Students should pay particular attention to course prerequisites and to required course sequences.  Other courses may be substituted for degree requirements with approval of Environmental Science faculty.  Students must have a 2.00 grade point average in all courses used to satisfy the major requirements.  No more than two (2) grades of D can be counted towards satisfying the major.